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Título: Stingless bee further improve apple pollination and production
Autor(es): Blandina Felipe, Viana
da Encarnação Coutinho, Jeferson G.
Garibaldi, Lucas Alejandro
Bragança Gastagnino, Guido L.
Gramacho, Katia P.
Oliveira da Silva, Fabiana
Fecha de publicación: oct-2014
Citación: Blandina Felipe, Viana., da Encarnação Coutinho, Jeferson G., Garibaldi, Lucas A., Bragança Gastagnino, Guido L., Gramacho, Katia P. & et al. (2017). Stingless bee further improve apple pollination and production. Journal of Pollination Ecology. Journal of Pollination Ecology; 14; 25; 261-269
Revista: Journal of Pollination Ecology
Resumen: The use of Africanised honeybee (Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier) hives to increase pollination success in apple orchards is a widespread practice. However, this study is the first to investigate the number of honeybee hives ha1 required to increase the production of fruits and seeds as well as the potential contribution of the stingless bee Mandaçaia (Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides Lepeletier). We performed tests in a 43ha apple orchard located in the municipality of Ibicoara (13º24’50.7’’S and 41º17’7.4’’W) in Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia, Brazil. In 2011, fruits from the Eva variety set six seeds on average, and neither a greater number of hives (from 7 to 11 hives ha1) nor a greater number of pollen collectors at the honeybee hives displayed general effects on the seed number. Without wild pollinators, seven Africanised honeybee hives ha1 with pollen collectors is currently the best option for apple producers because no further increase in the seed number was observed with higher hive densities. In 2012, supplementation with both stingless bees (12 hives ha1) and Africanised honeybees (7 hives ha1) provided higher seed and fruit production than supplementation with honeybees (7 hives ha1) alone. Therefore, the stingless bee can improve the performance of honeybee as a pollinator of apple flowers, since the presence of both of these bees results in increases in apple fruit and seed number.
ISSN: 1920-7603
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Este documento es resultado del financiamiento otorgado por el Estado Nacional, por lo tanto queda sujeto al cumplimiento de la Ley N° 26.899