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Título: The forgetting of the organism, the forgetting of experience: values in Conservation Biology
Autor(es): Klier, Gabriela Ruth
Casalderrey Zapata, María Constanza
Fecha de publicación: jul-2019
Es parte de: 2019 International Society for the History Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology biennial meeting.
Resumen: In this presentation we will analyze the ethical dimension of Conservation Biology. Conservation Biology emerged in the 1980s, linked to a specific problem: the biodiversity crisis. The foundational manuscript of this area, written by Soulé in 1985 and entitled ?What is Conservation Biology??, proposes that this field of study is based on ethical principles. Soulé argues, from an ecocentric point of view, that biodiversity has intrinsic value. More specifically, we will see that this value is mostly attributed to species and ecosystems. However, in the last decades, other anthropocentric perspectives have become relevant. These perspectives consider biodiversity in terms of goods and services for humans. Although both positions are apparently opposed, they have something in common: nonhuman organisms are not considered as intrinsically valuable. This leads to some practices deviled by animal protectionists, such as the use of the "sanitary rifle" in the management of some invasive species. In this research I will try to show that the ?forgetting of the organism?, characteristic of different biological subdisciplines and also present in Conservation Biology, has several implications. In particular, I will propose that in forgetting organisms, Conservation Biology also forgets the singular relationships and experiences between people and biodiversity. In this way, the environmental issues concerning biodiversity are turned into ?abstract? issues, detached from the emotional and experiential dimensions. These issues are now suited for a committee of experts, who decide what is valuable from "nowhere".
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Este documento es resultado del financiamiento otorgado por el Estado Nacional, por lo tanto queda sujeto al cumplimiento de la Ley N° 26.899