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Título: Biotechnology and bio-prospection of native species from Monte desert Patagonia, as strategies for the development of regional bio-economy
Autor(es): Boeri, Patricia Alejandra
Piñuel, María Lucrecia
López Dumrauf, Irina
Dalzotto, Daniela
Sabanes, Inti
Sharry, Sandra
Fecha de publicación: 5-sep-2018
Es parte de: Fifth International Conference of the IUFRO Working Party 2.09.0. Somatic Embryogenesis and Other Vegetative PropagationTechnologies
Resumen: The dry-land surface (i.e. semi-arid and arid regions) covers approximately one-third of the world’s land area and are inhabited by almost 400 million people. During the last 50 years, there has been growing interest in the cause of desertification due to its impact on the global environment, economy and society. These ecosystems provide a series of ecological services essential for the sustainability of human life and the development of productive activities. In Argentina, the arid and semi-arid environments represent approximately one-third of the country’s surface. Particularly, the Patagonia region in Argentina has 80% of surface containing signs of deterioration. In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) interest for the bio economy has increased significantly. Argentina is at the forefront and the Province of Buenos Aires and Patagonia region has already approved a Bio economy Strategy. Argentina offers a wide range of options for the local development of bio economy. Our country has a vast territory, a remarkable climate variety and biodiversity, a significant natural and planted forested area, plus highly competitive agricultural and cattle breeding sectors. Besides, biotechnological advances were implemented at an early stage, and advanced scientific and technological skills are available. The conservation of biodiversity depends largely on knowledge generation about our own resources and enhances the native plants that are part of the cultural heritage of the region. The current boom of native species and the lack of studies forces improvement of conservation and propagation methods in addition to the quality of planting material and production in nurseries. At the Universidad of Rio Negro we carried out a Project named Regional bioeconomy. Propagation and domestication of medicinal, ornamental, aromatic or forest species for the province of Rio Negro (Bioeconomía Regional. Propagación y domesticación de especies medicinales, ornamentales, aromáticas y/o forestales para la Provincia de Río Negro” (PI-UNRN 40C352). The main purpose was to re-evaluate the properties of native species from argentine Monte (PATAGONIA) and their bio products as unconventional functional foods, nutraceuticals, and dietary supplements, cosmetics and phytotherapy and find propagation strategies through biotechnology to promote multiplication and reintroduction of species to the ecosystem and sustainably manage and conserve them.
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Este documento es resultado del financiamiento otorgado por el Estado Nacional, por lo tanto queda sujeto al cumplimiento de la Ley N° 26.899