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Título: A late Campanian large-sized elasmosaurid from James Ross Island with comments on the paleohistology of Antarctic elasmosaurids
Autor(es): O'gorman, José P.
Talevi, Marianella
Fernández, Marta S.
Coria, Rodolfo Anibal
Moly, Juan J.
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Es parte de: 11° congreso de la Asociación Paleontológica Argentina
Resumen: The humerus MLP 12-II-1-1 collected from the upper Campanian Gamma Member of theSnow Hill Island Formation gives new evidence about the moment of appearance of relatively large elasmosaurids in the James Ross Basin. The MLP 12-II-1-1 consists in a single humerus severely weathered. However, a fragment of the anterior margin shows a concave area, which is a feature shared by Vegasaurus molyi O´Gorman, Salgado, Olivero, Marenssi, 2015 and other indeterminate Weddellian elasmosaurids. The paleohistological analysis shows a cortical region with a compact bone, which it is entirely of secondary origin. This area is composed of numerous secondary osteons conforming a dense Haversian bone tissue, reaching the most peripheral region of the cortex. The microstructure of the humerus reveals a very important secondary reconstruction evidenced by the Haversian tissue. This coincides with the general assumption that the number and density of secondary osteons increase as size and age do. The most remarkable feature of MLP 12-II-1-1 is its large size. A preliminary comparison of proportions among other aristonectines and non aristonectines elasmosauridsindicate a size of between 600-650 mm, which is larger than the 440 mm long humerus of the Cenomanian Thalassomedon haningtoni Welles, 1943 that is considered one of the largest elasmosaurids. The specimen MLP 12-II-1-1 has similar size of some aristonectine propodials. These specimens indicate that relatively large elasmosaurids, probably aristonectines, were present in Antarctica at least since the late Campanian.
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